PLP 071 - Beginners - Portuguese verbs in the simple past (tu)

Portuguese verbs in the past: Pretérito Perfeito Simples (tu)

Olá!

This is episode 71 and it’s for beginners.

In this episode you are going to learn how to conjugate Portuguese verbs in the simple past (Pretérito Perfeito Simples).

The episode focuses in the second person singular tu and the 100 most common verbs in Portuguese.

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Listen to the episode

 
 
Portuguese Lab Podcast - European Portuguese - 71 - Verbs in the past - tu.png
 

Today we will learn the conjugation for the second person singular, you (tu) in the simple past, or in Portuguese: pretérito perfeito simples. That’s the verb tense you use to refer to finished events in the past. I’ll cover the list of the most common regular verbs in Portuguese, as I have done previously with the first person singular.

The verbs ending in -ar have the ending -aste; the verbs ending in -er have the ending -este; the verbs ending in -ir have the ending -iste. This is the case for all regular verbs.

List of verbs -ar

  • acabar - to finish - acabaste

  • aceitar - to accept - aceitaste

  • achar - to find, to think - achaste

  • acordar - to wake up - acordaste

  • adorar - to adore - adoraste

  • ajudar - to help - ajudaste

  • almoçar - to have lunch - almoçaste

  • alugar - to rent - alugaste

  • andar - to walk - andaste

  • apagar - to turn off, to delete - apagaste

  • arrumar - to tidy up - arrumaste

  • atravessar - to cross - atravessaste

  • brincar - to play - brincaste

  • caminhar - to walk - caminhaste

  • cancelar - to cancel - cancelaste

  • cantar - to sing - cantaste

  • casar - to marry - casaste

  • chamar - to call - chamaste

  • chegar - to arrive - chegaste

  • colocar - to put - colocaste

  • combinar - to arrange (a meeting) - combinaste

  • começar - to start - começaste

  • comprar - to buy - compraste

  • continuar - to continue - continuaste

  • conversar - to talk - conversaste

  • convidar - to invite - convidaste

  • costumar - to usually (do smth) - costumámos

  • cozinhar - to cook - cozinhaste

  • dançar - to dance - dançaste

  • deixar - to let, to leave - deixaste

  • descansar - to rest - descansaste

  • desenhar - to draw - desenhaste

  • desejar - to wish - desejaste

  • desligar - to turn off - desligaste

  • encontrar - to find - encontraste

  • entrar - to go in - entraste

  • entregar - to deliver - entregaste

  • enviar - to send - enviaste

  • esperar - to wait - esperaste

  • estudar - to study - estudaste

  • explicar - to explain - explicaste

  • falar - to speak - falaste

  • fechar - to close - fechaste

  • ficar - to stay, to become - ficaste

  • gostar - to like - gostaste

  • guardar - to keep - guardaste

  • jantar - to have dinner - jantaste

  • jogar - to play - jogaste

  • lavar - to wash - lavaste

  • levantar - to lift - levantaste

  • levar - to take - levaste

  • ligar - to phone - ligaste

  • limpar - to clean - limpaste

  • morar - to reside - moraste

  • mudar - to change - mudaste

  • nadar - to swim - nadaste

  • necessitar - to necessitate - necessitaste

  • olhar - to look - olhaste

  • pagar - to pay - pagaste

  • parar - to stop - paraste

  • passar - to pass - passaste

  • pensar - to think - pensaste

  • perguntar - to ask - perguntaste

  • pintar - to paint - pintaste

  • praticar - to practice - praticaste

  • precisar - to need - precisaste

  • reservar - to book - reservaste

  • soletrar - to spell - soletraste

  • telefonar - to phone - telefonaste

  • tentar - to try - tentaste

  • terminar - to finish - terminaste

  • tocar - to touch, to play - tocaste

  • tomar - to take - tomaste

  • trabalhar - to work - trabalhaste

  • trocar - to switch - trocaste

  • usar - to use, to wear - usaste

  • viajar - to travel - viajaste

  • virar - to turn - viraste

  • visitar - to visit - visitaste

  • voar - to fly - voaste

  • voltar - to return - voltaste

List of verbs -er

  • acender - to turn on - acendeste

  • aprender - to learn - aprendeste

  • beber - to drink - bebeste

  • comer - to eat - comeste

  • conhecer - to meet, to know - conheceste

  • descer - to go down - desceste

  • entender - to understand - entendeste

  • escolher - to choose - escolheste

  • escrever - to write - escreveste

  • receber - to receive - recebeste

  • responder - to answer - respondeste

  • vender - to sell - vendeste

  • viver - to live - viveste

 

List of verbs -ir

  • abrir - to open - abriste

  • conduzir - to drive - conduziste

  • partir - to break, to leave - partiste

  • pedir - to order, to ask - pediste

  • subir - to go up - subiste

 

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