Pronunciation


You can practice the sounds of the Standard European Portuguese language with the help of the International Phonetic Alphabet. 

The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system that represents speech sounds through symbols.

Because it's common in Portuguese to have one letter of the alphabet represent different sounds, the IPA helps you to know exactly which sound to make in each situation. 

Note that this refers to the standard. Some letters will have different sounds in different regions of Portugal.

The IPA symbols are shown between slashes. / /


vowel - a


Listen and repeat.

IPA symbols.png

1) sal

2) mal

3) cá

4) lá

5) má

6) vá

7) dá

IPA symbol.png

1) mas

2) na

3) banana

4) lama

5) cada

6) mana

7) chama

 

Compare both sounds and repeat.

IPA symbol.png
 
 

1) nada

2) pata

3) vaca

3) sala

4) fala

5) mala

6) carta

Listen and decide what is the sound (or sounds) you hear.

You can check the answers below.

 

+ Answers

  1. da - /ɐ/
  2. dá - /a/
  3. estar - /a/
  4. lar - /a/
  5. par - /a/
  6. fama - /ɐ/ /ɐ/
  7. cama - /ɐ/ /ɐ/
  8. bala - /a/ /ɐ/
  9. gata - /a/ /ɐ/
  10. água - /a/ /ɐ/
  11. pára - /a/ /ɐ/
  12. para - /ɐ/ /ɐ/
  13. falamos - /ɐ/ /ɐ/
  14. falámos - /ɐ/ /a/
  15. daamos - /ɐ/ /ɐ/
  16. daámos - /ɐ/ /a/
 

vowel - e


Listen and repeat.

IPA symbols-04.png

1) Tejo

2) boné

3) mel

4) ela

5) janela

6) café

7) bebé

IPA symbols-06.png

1) parte

2) se

3) me

4) lhe

5) de

6) come

7) nove

IPA symbols-05.png

1) ver

2) mesa

3) pêra

4) dê

5) lê

6) Pedro

7) letra

IPA symbols-02.png

1) fedelho

2) tenho

3) queijo

4) venho

5) ovelha

6) joelho

7) cereja

Note: before j, lh, nh and as part of ei.

Listen and decide what is the sound (or sounds) you hear.

You can check the answers below.

 

+ Answers

  1. quelha - /ɐ/
  2. ele - /e/ /ɨ/
  3. ela - /ɛ/
  4. escrever - /ɨ/ /e/
  5. vejo - /ɐ/
  6. cabelo - /e/
  7. correr - /e/
  8. bela - /ɛ/
  9. telha - /ɐ/
  10. pele - /ɛ/ /ɨ/
  11. época - /ɛ/
  12. caderno - /ɛ/
  13. vela - /ɛ/
  14. meta - /ɛ/
  15. meta - /e/
 

vowel - i


Listen and repeat.

IPA symbols.png

1) imitar

2) vi

3) picar

4) rima

5) si

6) China

7) sílaba

IPA symbols-06.png

1) utilizado

2) vigiar

3) dissimular

4) eliminar

5) distribuição

6) aquisição

7) exigir

Note: when speaking fast, if not then /i/.

IPA symbols.png

1) vai

2) sais

3) foi

4) estreia

5) cais

6) dois

7) mais

Note: as part of ai, ei, oi, ui when in the same syllable.

Listen and decide what is the sound (or sounds) you hear.

You can check the answers below.

 

+ Answers

  1. tradicionais - /ɨ/ /i/ /j/
  2. isso - /i/
  3. gaio - /j/
  4. pedir - /i/
  5. existiria - /ɨ/ /i/ /i/
  6. filho - /i/
  7. iate - /i/
  8. situação - /i/
  9. primeira - /j/
  10. saia - /j/
  11. saía - /i/
  12. discursar - /ɨ/
  13. depois - /j/
  14. pais - /j/
  15. país - /i/